How IBM and Red Hat are killing off CentOS
Opinions and views expressed in this post are entirely my own.
For those of you who don’t know, CentOS is a popular Linux distribution which is a binary compatible clone of Red Hat Enterprise Linux. The idea of Red Hat Enterprise Linux is that it offers a stable production-ready environment with Long Term Support (typically, a version of RHEL/CentOS will remain supported for years before you need to upgrade).
However, RHEL is a commercial product whereas CentOS is a free, community-supported operating system. As RHEL is open-source, it is perfectly permissible for projects such as CentOS to clone and re-release the source, as long as they remove any potential trademarks. After all, RHEL itself benefits from many free things, such as the Linux Kernel.
In January 2014, Red Hat Inc acquired the CentOS trademark and became a primary sponsor of the project. Ever since, they have been investing in the CentOS project and maintaining the project as a community driven operating system, mirroring RHEL. In July 2019, IBM acquired Red Hat. Can you see where this is going?
Concerns were naturally expressed by the community through these various acquisitions as to whether the CentOS project would continue as a community driven project. Time passes by, and a new product was announced (alongside CentOS Linux) called CentOS Stream. CentOS Stream is different to traditional CentOS Linux in the sense that it is considered a rolling release distribution, and will receive more regular updates than CentOS Linux, making it potentially unsuitable for production environments which need to retain stability. In essence, CentOS Stream sits upstream from RHEL (almost like a testing distribution/sandbox), whereas CentOS Linux sits downstream (and mirrors the same stability we know and love from RHEL).
Again, this raised concerns from the community over the future of the CentOS Linux project. The Chief Technology Officer of Red Hat provided reassurance to the community that CentOS as we know it isn’t going anywhere.
Roll on the 8th December 2020, and Red Hat announce they are shifting all investment away from the CentOS Linux project and focusing entirely on CentOS Stream instead, ending the life of traditional CentOS Linux. Not only that, the already-published end of life date for CentOS 8 was changed from 2029, to 2021 – removing 8 years off of the product support life span. For those who have already migrated to CentOS 8, they now have until the end of 2021 to upgrade instead of the previously promised 2029.
This is a huge breach of trust and unsurprisingly has drawn huge criticism from the community (and rightly so!). It is a colossal dick move by IBM and Red Hat who clearly have no regard for the community which is built up of many people who ironically probably work for companies all over the world that lines their pockets.
Their motive? Who knows? Maybe they want people to shift from CentOS to RHEL and pay an arm and a leg for the privilege.
This is the day in which CentOS as we have known and loved for 16 years dies. Red Hat have truly found a way to make 2020 that little bit worse. Rest in peace.